Copyright System in Japan

    VII. NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS



    (1) Major NGOs related to Copyright and Neighboring Rights

    <General>

    (a) Copyright Research and Information Center (CRIC)

    (Harmony Tower22F 1-32-2,Honcho,Nakanoku,Tokyo,164-0012 Japan;
    Phone +81-3-5309-2421 FAX +81-3-5354-6435)


    CRIC is a voluntary non-profit-making organization established in 1959. It is the only organization in Japan that carries out research and information services in all areas of copyright issues, and its membership covers almost all major copyright organizations/societies in Japan such as JASRAC, GEIDANKYO, JBA, RIAJ, etc.
    Its activities have been developing nationally and internationally, and the following are the major areas and examples.
    A. Conferences and Seminars
    - Monthly seminars on copyright and neighboring rights
    - Conference on Copyright for Digital Millennium (CCD)

    B. International Cooperation
    - Organization of APACE Training Program in Tokyo

    C. Publication and Information Services
    - "Copyright System in Japan", "Copyright Law of Japan", etc.
    - Monthly journal: "Copyright"

    D. Counseling on Copyright and Neighboring Rights



    (b) Japan Reproduction Rights Center (JRRC) [management business operator]

    Daiichi Aoyama Building 3F, 3-3-7, Kita Aoyama, Minato-ku, Tokyo 107-0061;
    Tel.+81-3-3401-2382 Fax.+81-3-3401-2386


    The JRRC is a voluntary non-profit-making organization established in 1991 in order to conduct collective management of the right of reprographic reproduction.

    At present, the members of the JRRC are "The Japan Writers' Association (Nihon Bungeika Kyokai)" , "Writers Guild of Japan (Nihon Kyakuhonka Renmei)", "Japan Writers Guild (Nihon Shinario-sakka Kyokai)", "Japan Artists' Association", "Japan Photographic Copyright Association", "Japan Publishers Copyright Organization", "Japan Academic Association for Copyright Clearance", "The Copyright Council of Newspaper Publishers", etc. and they entrust their rights of reprographic reproduction to the Center.



    <Literary Work>

    (c) The Japan Writers' Association (Nihon Bungeika Kyokai) [management business operator]

    (Shinkan 5F, Bungei-Shunju Building, 3-23, Kioi-Cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8559;
    Tel.+81-3-3265-9658 Fax.+81-3- 5213-5672
    )

    The Japan Writer's Association is a voluntary non-profit-making organization established in 1939 by authors of literary works in order to protect copyright of their works and to facilitate their fair exploitation. The Federation was registered with the ACA to conduct collective management for novels and started it in 1968.



    (d) Writers Guild of Japan (WGJ) (Nihon Kyakuhonka Renmei) [management business operator]

    (Roppongi Denki Building 3F, 6-1-20, Roppongi, Minato-ku, Tokyo 106-0032;
    Tel.+81-3-3401-2304 Fax.+81-3-3401-7255
    )

    Writers Guild of Japan is a cooperative society established in 1966 in order to promote welfare of writers who are engaged in writing scenarios for broadcasting, films and other audio-visual works, as well as to promote their economic positions.

    This Guild is licensed to conduct collective management for dramas.



    (e) Japan Writers Guild (Nihon Shinario-sakka Kyokai) [management business operator]

    (Shinario Kaikan, 5-4-16, Akasaka, Minato-ku, Tokyo 107-0052;
    Tel.+81-3-3584-1901 Fax.+81-3-3584-1902
    )

    Japan Writers Guild is a cooperative society established in 1965 in order to protect the rights of dramatists including copyright. This Guild is licensed as to conduct collective management for dramas.



    (f) Japan Book Publishers Association (JBPA)

    (6, Fukuro-Machi, Shinjuku-ku,Tokyo 162-0828;
    Tel.+81-3-3268-1302 Fax.+81-3-3268-1196
    )

    The JBPA is a voluntary non-profit-making organization established in 1965 in order to promote cooperation among book publishers in Japan.



    (g) Japan Magazine Publishers Association (JMPA)

    (1-7, Kanda-Surugadai, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-0062;
    Tel.+81-3-3291-0775 Fax.+81-3-3293-6239
    )

    The JMPA is a voluntary non-profit-making organization established in 1956 in order to establish magazine moral, and to rationalize and reform trade transaction.



    <Visual Work>

    (h) The Japan Art, Photograph and Graphic Design Copyright Organization (APG-Japan)

    (Japan Artists' Center Building, 3-10-19, Ginza, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0061;
    Tel.+81-3-3546-6555 Fax.+81-3-3546-6555
    )

    The APG-Japan is a voluntary non-profit-making organization established in 1995 in order to conduct collective management of copyright in the near future with respect to art, photograph and graphic design collectively in cooperation with the following member organizations as well as to provide copyright information concerned.

    ・Japan Artists' Association, Inc.
    (Japan Artists' Center Building, 3-10-19, Ginza, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0061;
    Tel.+81-3-3542-2581 Fax.+81-3-3545-8429)

    ・Japanese Society For Protecting Artists' Rights (JASPAR)
    (Bijutsuka Kaikan #604, 3-10-19, Ginza, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0061;
    Tel.+81-3-6226-5951 Fax.+81-3-6226-5952)

    ・Japan Photographic Copyright Association (JPCA)
    (JCII Building 3F, 25, Ichiban-cho, Chiyoda-ku,Tokyo 102-0082;
    Tel.+81-3-3221-6655 Fax.+81-3-3221-6655)

    ・Japan Graphic Designers Association, Inc. (JAGDA)
    (Midtown Tower 5F, 9-7-1, Akasaka, Minato-ku, Tokyo 107-6205;
    Tel.+81-3-5770-7509 Fax.+81-3-3479-7509)




    (i) Directors Guild of Japan

    (Shibuya Goto Building 5F, 3-2, Maruyama-cho, Shibuya-ku,Tokyo 150-0044;
    Tel.+81-3-3461-4411 Fax.+81-3-3461-4457
    )

    The Directors Guild of Japan is a cooperative society established in 1936 by directors of motion pictures in order to promote welfare of its members as well as to promote their economic positions, aiming further development of motion pictures.



    (j) Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan, Inc.

    (Nihonbashi Building 2F, 1-17-12, Nihonbashi, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 103-0027;
    Tel. +81-3-3243-9100 Fax. +81-3-3243-9101
    )

    The Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan is a voluntary non-profit-making organization established in 1945 in order to diffuse motion pictures and to develop the relevant industries through research, communication, commendation, etc.



    (k) Japan Association of Audiovisual Producers, Inc.

    (Towa Nihonbashi Koami-cho Building 7F, 17-18, Nihonbashi-Koami-cho, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 103-0016;
    Tel. +81-3-3662-0236 Fax.+81-3-3662-0238
    )

    The Japan Association of Audiovisual Producers, Inc. is a non-profit-making organization established in 1957 in order to improve project of film produce and to research its technics.



    (l) Japan Video Software Association (JVA)

    (29 Kowa Building Bekkan 2F, 2-11-24, Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 104-0045;
    Tel. +81-3-3542-4433 Fax.+81-3-3542-2535
    )

    The JVA is a voluntary non-profit-making organization established in 1978 in order to diffuse video works and to develop video-related industries through research and standard setting, etc. "Software" in its name does not mean computer programs but "works" or "contents" of videos.



    (m) Society for the Administration of Remuneration for Video Home Recording (SARVH) [designated association]

    (Kojimachi YK Building 2F, 1-8-14, Kojimachi, CHiyoda-ku, TOkyo 102-0083;
    Tel.+81-3-3261-3448 Fax.+81-3-3261-3440)


    SARVH is a voluntary non-profit-making organization to collect and distribute remuneration for digital video home recording for the sake of copyright owners, performers and producers of phonograms.

    This society, having been designated by the Commissioner of the ACA, exclusively exercises the rights to compensation for digital video home recording.

    <Musical/Audio Works>

    (n) Japanese Society for Rights of Authors, Composers and Publishers (JASRAC) [management business operator]

    (3-6-12, Uehara, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 151-8540;
    Tel. +81-3-3481-2121 Fax. +81-3-3481-2150
    )

    JASRAC is a voluntary non-profit-making organization established in 1939 in order to protect copyright of musical works and to facilitate fair exploitation of such works. It is a musical copyright clearance organization in Japan and is registered with the ACA to conduct collective management. Almost all Japanese musical authors and composers of musical works entrust their rights to JASRAC directly or through musical publishers.

    JASRAC administers copyrights of foreign musical works under contracts with 122 organizations which are entrusted with performing rights in 93 countries and regions and with 84 organizations which are entrusted with mechanical rights in 70 countries and regions.

    JASRAC is a member of CISAC (International Confederation of Societies of Authors and Composers) and BIEM (International Bureau of the Music-mechanical Edition) and mutually exchanges information on the protection of copyright with other members of such international organizations.



    (o) Music Publishers Association of Japan (MPA)

    (DAIWA Minamiaoyama 3F, 2-31-8, Minami-Aoyama, Minato-ku, Tokyo 107-0062;
    Tel. +81-3-3403-9141 Fax. +81-3-3403-9140)

    The MPA is a voluntary non-profit-making organization established in 1980 in order to develop the industry of music publishing, which exploits domestic and overseas musical works, and to develop harmony among music publishers.



    (p) The Federation of Music Producers Japan (FMPJ)

    (Jingu-mae Wada Building 2F, 5-48-1, Jingu-mae, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150-0001;
    Tel. +81-3-5467-6851 Fax. +81-3-5467-6852)

    The Federation of Music Producers Japan is a voluntary non-profit-making organization established in 1989 in order to improve music management businesses, and to protect artists and producers as the beneficiaries of neighboring rights.



    (q) Society for the Administration of Remuneration for Audio Home Recording (sarah) [designated association]

    (Kojimachi YK Building 2F, 1-8-14, Kojimachi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0083;
    Tel. +81-3-3261-3444 Fax. +81-3-3261-3447
    )

    SARAH is a voluntary non-profit-making organization established in 1993 in order to collect and distribute remuneration for digital audio home recording for the sake of copyright owners, performers and producers of phonograms.

    This society, having been designated by the Commissioner of the ACA, exclusively exercises the rights to compensation for digital audio home recording.



    <Computer Program>

    (r) Association of Copyright for Computer Software (ACCS)

    (Tomonari Foresight Building 5F, 5-40-18, Otsuka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-0012;
    Tel. +81-3-5976-5175 Fax. +81-3-5976-5177
    )

    ACCS is a voluntary non-profit-making organization established in 1991. ACCS is to protect the rights of copyright owners of computer programs and to undertake educational activities for public awareness of copyright.



    (s) Software Information Center (SOFTIC)

    (Toto Building 4F, 5-1-4, Toranomon, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-0001;
    Tel. +81-3-3437-3071 Fax. +81-3-3437-3398)

    SOFTIC is a voluntary non-profit-making organization established in 1986.

    The Center is the organization designated by the Commissioner of the ACA to register computer programs pursuant to the Law on Exceptional Provisions for the Registration of Program Works. The Center accordingly registers computer programs and promotes awareness of this registration system.

    The Center is also to promote research on distribution of computer programs and on legal protection of computer programs.



    <Performance>

    (t) Japan Council of Performers' Organizations (GEIDANKYO) [designated association / management business operator]

    (Tokyo Opera City Tower 11F, Nishi-Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 163-1466;
    Tel. +81-3-5353-6600 Fax. +81-3-5353-6614)

    GEIDANKYO is a voluntary non-profit-making organization established in 1967 in order to facilitate the activities of its members organizations of performers by promoting collective activities and professional training. The basic objective of the society is to improve the economic status of performers by the betterment of their working conditions.

    In conformity with the Copyright Law, GEIDANKYO, having been designated as the sole collecting society by the Commissioner of the ACA, collects secondary use fees from broadcasters and wire diffusers as well as the remuneration from record rental business who offer commercial phonograms to the public by rental.

    In 1993, GEIDANKYO has established Center for Performers' Rights Administration (CPRA) as an internal system for the administration of above-mentioned rights and neighboring rights of performers.



    <Phonogram>

    (u) Recording Industry Association of Japan (RIAJ) [designated association / management business operator]

    (Kyodo Tsushin Kaikan 9F, 2-2-5, Toranomon, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-0001;
    Tel. +81-3-5575-1304 Fax. +81-3-5575-1313
    )

    The RIAJ is a voluntary non-profit-making organization established in 1942 in order to promote the cooperation of phonogram producing industries in Japan, and to facilitate the diffusion of good phonograms and fair utilization of phonograms.

    In conformity with the Copyright Law, this Association, having been designated as the sole collecting society by the Commissioner of the ACA, collects the secondary use fees from broadcasters and wire diffusers as well as the remuneration from record rental business who offer commercial phonograms to the public by rental.



    <Broadcasting>

    (v) Japan Commercial Broadcasters Association (JBA)

    (Bungei-Shunju Building, 3-23, Kioi-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8577;
    Tel. +81-3-5213-7717 Fax. +81-3-5213-7714
    )

    The JAB is a voluntary non-profit-making organization established in 1952 in order to facilitate communications among its members (at present 205 companies) and to deal with their common problems. The Copyright Department of the society handles copyright affairs.





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